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Organization of national minorities publishing industry in Soviet Ukraine (20’s–early 30’s of XX century)

Andriichuk M. T. (Natsionalnyi tekhnichnyi universytet Ukrainy «Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut» (Kyiv, Ukraina) Organization of national minorities publishing industry in Soviet Ukraine (20’s–early 30’s of XX century). — 2014. — № 3(45). — pp. 120–133.
Organization of publishing industry of the major ethnic minorities (Germans, Poles, Jews, Bulgarians, Moldavians, etc.) in Soviet Ukraine during the interwar period is considered in the article. The so-called indigenization policy was an important part of the national cultural development at that time. In fact, it was an attempt to head the spontaneous processes of the national life development of various non-Russian peoples of the former Russian Empire.
Publishing industry became a key element of indigenization policy in Soviet Ukraine, because the book and the press were an important weapon in the process of ideological education of loyal Soviet people. Books and press publishing of national minorities in Soviet Ukraine most actively developed in 1923–1933 — decades from the beginning of indigenization policy to its clotting in the early 30’s of XX century when minority leaders began to receive the label «bourgeois nationalists».
The author concludes that the indigenization policy positively affected the development of national and cultural life of ethnic minorities in general and their publishing industry in particular. The number of non-periodicals and periodicals had steadily increased since the proclamation of indigenization policy to the peak of its development. This was particularly true for editions of Jewish minorities.
Keywords: publishing industry, indigenization, national minorities, book publishing, press publishing.
Language — Ukraine.
Table — 3.
Bibliography — 24 titles.